Основные способы звукоизоляции розеток

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Ни для кого не секрет, что звукоизоляция в панельном доме оставляет желать лучшего. Одним из источников посторонних звуков являются электрические точки. Причина низкой звукоизоляции розеток заключается в особенностях технологии установки электроточек в многоквартирных домах.

В железобетонных плитах, которые используются при строительстве панельных домов, проделываются сквозные отверстия для облегчения работы электромонтажников. К такому отверстию подводится две пары кабелей. Затем кабель присоединяется к двум розеткам скрытой установки, расположенным в смежных квартирах. Зачастую между ними отсутствует даже небольшая звукоизоляционная прокладка.

Через сквозной канал в квартиру проникает не только шум от соседей, но также неприятные запахи, микробы, сигаретный дым. Единственное решение этой проблемы – выполнение звуковой изоляции розетки своими силами.

Способы звукоизоляции

Существует три основных способа устранения существующие проблемы:

Первый – перенос встроенной розетки в другое, более удобное место. Этот вариант реализуются при выполнении ремонта в квартире. Главный недостаток данного способа – необходимость замены электропроводки, что связано с определенными сложностями (в многоэтажных домах проводка углублена в стены).
Второй метод решения проблемы – замена встроенной электророзетки на накладную. Встраиваемая или скрытая конструкция представляет собой изделие, которое заглублено в стену. На поверхности присутствует только накладная декоративная панель. Конструкция этого типа используются при установке скрытой проводки. Такая электророзетка выглядят аккуратно, но при этом ее установка требует определённых усилий. Самый простой способ перенести встроенную электроточку – высверлить новое отверстие рядом со старым и сформировать канавку под провод. Накладная или внешняя конструкция устанавливается поверх стены, к ней подводится открытая проводка. Корпус такого устройства возвышается над стеной примерно на 50 мм, но подобные конструкции не всегда уместны в современном интерьере. Кроме того, наружная проводка создает дополнительную опасность при эксплуатации.
Третий вариант решения проблемы – звукоизоляция розеток, уже имеющихся в квартире. Это самый простой способ решения проблемы, не требующий больших затрат времени и сил.

Основные способы звукоизоляции розеток

Выполнение шумоизоляции включает несколько этапов. Сначала снимается розетка, затем подрозетник вынимается из гнезда, отверстие в стене заполняется звукоизоляционным материалом и розетка возвращаются на место.

Следует помнить, что плиты панельных домов имеют толщину 120-160 мм. Соответственно, со стороны одной из квартир можно произвести погружение в розеточное отверстие на глубину до 60-80 мм. При этом 40-50 мм займет установочный стакан. Если соседи согласятся на заполнение изоляцией и их половины отверстия, то мастер сможет использовать дополнительное пространство глубиной до 20-80 мм.
Демонтаж электророзетки

Перед началом работ необходимо сообщить соседям о предстоящих манипуляциях. Это нужно сделать потому, что в случае неосторожного выполнения работ их розетка может выпасть. А это, в свою очередь, может стать причиной короткого замыкания.

После разговора с соседями следует отключить электропитание квартиры на счётчике или распределительном электрощите. Строители не всегда правильно запитывают силовой кабель в панельном доме, поэтому после отключения питания необходимо дополнительно проверить напряжение в сети при помощи мультиметра или индикаторной отвертки.

Теперь можно приступать к демонтажу. Сначала следует снять накладную панель и ослабить винты, зажимающие разводные лапки. После этого нужно вытащить из стены механизм розетки. К данному механизму присоединены две или три пары проводов, концы которых зажаты клеммами. Провода обычно спускаются к электророзетке из верхней части стены.

Необходимо ослабить винты на клеммах, снять колодку электророзетки и заизолировать концы проводов. Теперь мастер может увидеть установочную коробку, напоминающую по форме стакан. Старые коробки производились из металла толщиной 0,4 мм, современные изготавливаются из пластика. Стакан нужно извлечь из стены.

Затем следует посветить фонариком отверстие в стене. Здесь электрик сможет увидеть стакан соседской розетки. Если в отверстии присутствуют мусор, пыль или остатки строительного раствора, то их нужно удалить. Подготовительные работы на этом закончены, теперь можно проводить шумоизоляцию.

Можно ли использовать монтажную пену?

Первый вопрос, на который нужно найти ответ перед началом работ, — какой материал использовать для выполнения звукоизоляция розеток в квартире? Многие люди полагают, что лучшим решением является использование монтажной пены. В действительности этот материал не подходит для решения данной задачи. Пена в процессе заливки может проникнуть в розетку к соседям и вызвать неисправность оборудования.

Кроме того монтажная пена отличается высокой степенью горючести. Если контакты в одной из смежных квартир заискрятся, то пенополиуретан начнёт гореть. Даже у красной огнеупорной пены максимальная температура использования не превышает 90 градусов. Еще один недостаток монтажной пены – низкие звукоизоляционные свойства. Это средство хорошо защищает жилище от сквозняков, но практически не снижает уровень шума.

Изоляция от шума различными средствами

Качественная шумоизоляция в квартире создается с использованием следующих средств:

Строительный раствор. Это самый дешёвый и надежный способ решения проблемы. В глубину отверстия нужно установить картонный или пластиковый кружок диаметром на 1 мм меньше отверстия в стене. Эта подкладка предотвратит попадание воды из раствора на электрооборудование соседей. Затем готовиться стандартный строительный раствор, гипсовая смесь или смесь из алебастра и воды. Данным раствором замазываются шайба и стенки отверстия. Толщина цементного слоя должна равняться примерно 1/2 глубины стакана. Затем концы проводов вдеваются в монтажный стакан, а сам стакан помещается в отверстие. После высыхания раствора провода вставляются в клеммы розетки. Колодка электророзетки помещается в коробку и закрепляется винтами. Конструкция закрывается накладной панелью.
Гофрокартон. Получить этот материал можно, разрезав упаковочный ящик. Толщина трехслойного гофрокартона 1,1-3,4 мм, пятислойного – 5,5-7,0. Данный материал пожаробезопасный, температура его горения 258 градусов.
Базальтовая вата, базальтовый картон. Если после ремонта остались изоляционные материалы из базальта, то их можно использовать в качестве шумоизолирующих средств. Они безопасны, пожароустойчивы. Вату толщиной 50 мм можно использовать, если промежуток между розетками достаточно большой. Из ваты нужно вырезать шайбу, ширина которой на 2-3 мм больше отверстия в стене. Материал следует вставить в отверстие, сжав его пальцами с боков. Если между розетками маленькое расстояние, то можно вырезать и вставить несколько кругов из базальтового картона толщиной 10 мм.
Гипсокартон. Его рекомендуется использовать при отсутствии базальтового картона (хотя его звукоизоляционные свойства ниже). В отверстие следует вставить несколько кругов толщиной 10-12 мм и закрепить их раствором или герметиком.
Звукоизоляционные мембраны. Из этого полимерного материала толщиной 2-13 мм нужно вырезать несколько кругов и уложить в отверстие, не закрепляя (они будут держаться благодаря эластичности).

Если мастер решил заменить встроенную электророзетку на накладную, то освободившуюся нишу нужно заполнить раствором и только после этого прикрутить новое устройство. Если перенесённая конструкция будет скрытой, то в бетоне необходимо пробить канал под проводку, а также нишу под розетку.


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138 thoughts on “Основные способы звукоизоляции розеток

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  10. These days, travelling is an unbelievably well-liked activity and profession that may be rising. The need for people to journey for enterprise or take pleasure in them selves in the new location, is rising. The time has come for you to experience it, also. Below are great tips that can be used to help you get started with the vacationing plans. If you intend to be travelling for more than a full week, make hotels for your personal domestic pets. Your neighbors or sister-in-rules could guarantee you that visiting is not really a hassle, but you must not place that responsibility to them for just about any longer than a week. There are lots of kennels and vet places of work that can be pleased to feed, play with and even, bathe your animals. Perform some research ahead of time and look for eating out credits and discount coupons for your personal spot. You can also help save a lot of cash through getting advice about where you can take in prior to depart. This is superior to requesting referrals when you find yourself already hungry and in an unusual place. Don’t go ahead and take complete package of shampoo and conditioner when going on a trip. Acquire some modest containers first that are sold in the travel sizing toiletries part of the local retail store. Pour some shampoo and conditioner into the tiny storage units and acquire those alternatively. This will release some essential space inside your duffel handbag or suitcase. When traveling by airline, seek out stores within the international airport that have exchange racks. These shelving are for vacationers to provides textbooks and swap them for other books. In case your trip is postponed so you concluded your publication previously, head over to a replace shelf and trade it for one you’ve been wanting to go through! Travelling doesn’t have to be expensive should you create a budget before leaving. Regardless of whether you should do a go across-region highway journey or go to the European country, vacationing can be fun and academic. Keep in mind suggestions in this article to keep secure and make the most of your hard earned money once you journey.

  11. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is required to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100 sure. Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated. Kudos|

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