Прокладка телевизионного кабеля в квартире


Кто представит себе городскую квартиру, да и бытность самого человека, без телевизора? В сегодняшней динамичной жизни он стал неотъемлемым атрибутом любой квартиры. Мы хотим наслаждаться непременно качественным изображением, объемным звуком, четкой цветопередачей. Но, любые даже очень хорошие антенны и инновационное оборудование бессильны и не удовлетворят наши запросы, при некачественной прокладке ТВ кабеля.Прокладка телевизионного кабеля в квартире

Да, именно кабель является важнейшим элементом в сложной схеме спутникового и эфирного телевидения. Так давайте научимся прокладывать его собственноручно.

Правила выбора телевизионного кабеля

При выборе ТВ-кабеля необходимо ориентироваться на следующие его показатели:

длина;
пропускная способность;
толщина.

Пропускная способность центральной жилы зависит от ее толщины. Далеко не всякий кабель для эфирного телевидения подойдет под «тарелку». Его ценовая категория куда ниже аналога для спутникового телевидения, но это сомнительная экономия.

Если вы изначально немного потратитесь на дорогой провод, то впоследствии вполне сможете принимать смешанные сигналы, что лишь добавит качество просмотра телепередач.

Распределительное оборудование и аксессуары

Внимательно вникните в распределительное оборудование.

Делители (крабы) – это сплиттеры, разветвители. Они служат для разделения входного сигнала на нужное количество точек возможного подключения телевизора. Таких точек можно сделать достаточно много, но при этом качество сигнала будет уменьшаться пропорционально их числу.

Прокладка телевизионного кабеля в квартиреДелитель (краб)

Сумматоры предназначены суммировать разночастотные сигналы, а это означает, что вы одновременно можете пользоваться эфирным и спутниковым телевидением. Установка диплексера или смесителя нивелирует неудобства с ручным переключением антенного кабеля.

Прокладка телевизионного кабеля в квартиреСумматор

Ответвители отводят некую часть высокочастотного сигнала из линии на определенное количество абонентов. Чаще применяют в подъездах многоквартирных домов.

Прокладка телевизионного кабеля в квартиреОтветвитель

Способы прокладки телевизионного кабеля

К способам прокладки телевизионного кабеля относят: открытый способ и прокладка в кабель-канале либо штробе.

Первый участок, от щитовой до разветвления в квартиру, обязательно проложите в кабель-канале. Пусть он изначально и превышает нужную ширину, но ведь жизнь изменчива, и со временем понадобится провести витой шнур для интернета и телефонной «лапши». Подключаясь к щитовой, минимизируйте кусок провода баз экранного покрытия. Это улучшит качество изображения.

Прокладка телевизионного кабеля в квартиреПлинтус с кабель-каналом

От ответвления подключайте провод через F-разъемы. В домашних условиях используйте их резьбовые варианты. Посредством предусмотренной внутренней резьбы, такие разъемы позволяют легко перемонтировать всю сеть, что, согласитесь, немаловажно. Обжимные F-разъемы встречаются крайне редко.

Прокладка телевизионного кабеля в квартире

Дальше пришел черед монтажа разветвителя. Для него важно выбрать правильное место. При установке побеспокойтесь о том, чтобы он не испортил вам интерьер, ввиду непрезентабельного своего вида. Но и не прячьте его в не слишком удобное для свободного доступа место. Бывалые мастера советуют покупать эту деталь с «запасом» выходов. Разница между разветвителем на 2 выхода и на 8 выходов копеечная, но отдача может быть совершенно разная.

Наконец монтируем розетку. Выбирайте ее под нужный F-разъем (прямой или угловой), потому как в строении имеются принципиальные отличия.

Прокладка телевизионного кабеля в квартиреРозетка под F-разъем

Правила прокладки антенного кабеля

К правилам прокладки антенного кабеля относят следующее:

телевизионные кабеля и слабочастотные линии (телефонная, интернет-линия) должны быть разделены по разным канала или штробам;
удаляйте ТВ линии подальше от силовой электрической проводки;
пересекайте только под прямым углом слаботочные и силовые линии;
все участки проводки прокладывают лишь цельными кусками провода;
обеспечьте надежные контакты в местах соединений. Скруток быть не должно;
правильно выберете кабель, опирайтесь на советы менеджера;
избегайте резких изгибов, которые повредят экран провода;
исключите появление петель проводки.

Прокладка ТВ кабеля не столь сложна. Все расходные материалы на профильном рынке легкодоступны и продаются по относительно малой цене. Монтаж не требует дорогих инструментов, не трудоемкий, не энергозатратный. Просто проявите упорство и наслаждайтесь качественной телевизионной картинкой.


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