Строительство кованого забора с кирпичными столбами


Все чаще у нас стали использовать различные варианты сочетания строительных материалов. Это придает особый шик и красоту, при этом кованые заборы с кирпичными столбами все так же надежны и могут иметь дополнительную защиту.

Подобные ограждения делятся на несколько типов:

  • Сочетание кирпичных столбов и кованого полотна — это не сплошная кладка, она является одним из самых изящных и красивых вариантов. В этом случае силикатный материал используется только для выкладки невысокого цоколя и столбов. Далее, устанавливаются секции из металлических прутьев. Стоит отметить, что этот вариант строительства очень быстрый, поскольку сразу устанавливается целое полотно;
  • Сочетание кованых элементов и кирпичного цоколя. Такое ограждение хорошо защищает территорию и при этом выглядит очень эстетично. В этом случае высота цоколя может достигать 1,5 метра, между столбами располагаются кованые элементы. Для повышения прочности всей конструкции обязательно в столбы закладывают арматуру;
  • Заборы с парапетом. Высота всей конструкции может составлять 1,5–2 метра.
    Строительство кованого забора с кирпичными столбамиВариант устройства кованого забора с кирпичным парапетомСверху он украшается различными коваными элементами и столбиками, высота которых не больше 50 сантиметров. Элементы из металла одновременно выступают в качестве защитных и декоративных элементов.

Подготовка фундамента

Особое внимание при строительстве забора из кирпича надо уделить прочному фундаменту, чтобы со временем ограда не потрескалась и не упала от порыва ветра.

Стоит отметить, что такой элемент по весу будет тяжелее, чем сам забор.

Для правильной закладки ленточного фундамента следует придерживаться специальной технологии:

  • Выкапывается траншея глубиной примерно в 10 сантиметров при условии, что высота самого забора будет 80 сантиметров. Строительство кованого забора с кирпичными столбами В том случае, если высота будет больше, тогда глубина фундамента — минимум 20 сантиметров.
  • На следующем этапе готовится дренаж. Для этого на дно выкопанной траншеи ровным слоем укладывается щебень и песок, затем все заливается прочным бетоном. Стоит отметить, что бетон готовится из одной части цемента, четырех частей песка (крупнозернистого) и четырех частей щебня. Другими словами, материалы смешиваются в пропорции 1:4:4. Для начала надо перемешать цемент и песок до однородной массы. После этого постепенно добавляется вода до тех пор, пока смесь не будет вязкой и густой. После этого добавляется щебень. Подготовленная смесь заливается в вырытую траншею.

Прочность, возможность сочетания различных материалов и узоров позволяет создавать заборы с неповторимым и оригинальным внешним видом, добиваться невероятных результатов. Забор из желтого или белого кирпича часто привлекает к себе внимание, он становится не просто очередным ограждением, а настоящим украшением всего двора и дома. Кирпичный забор — это обеспечение долговечности, максимальной надежности; он невероятно красив.


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